March: Women’s Month – Understand Why
MARCH: WOMEN’S MONTH
We know that March 8th is considered International Women’s Day. Beyond that date, the month of March is considered a month of struggle for women’s rights. Let’s understand better! Read.
In the beginning, this process of women’s historic struggle was closely linked to the issue of wage inequality. But as time went on, it was observed that it was necessary to fight for other rights for women in society. For this reason, this struggle currently involves wage inequality, but also the fight against violence and machismo.
HISTORY BEHIND THE DATE
The history that exists due to the choice of March 8th, marks a series of events of political mobilization throughout the 20th century. There are actually two versions of the facts. Understand.
This is the best-known version. The story goes that on March 8th, 1857, more than 100 workers died charred in a fire that occurred on the premises of a textile factory in New York. The fire was allegedly caused by the factory owner, unhappy with the workers’ strikes and demonstrations.
However, this story is FALSE!
In the year 1910 in the city of Copenhagen (Denmark), the II International Congress of Socialist Women took place. At this event, a member of the German Communist Party, Clara Zetkin suggested the creation of an International Women’s Day. The date, however, remained open.
The second version, on the other hand, states that the fire actually occurred on March 25, 1911, in New York. The factory was the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, there were more than 140 victims, most of them women. This event is an important milestone in choosing Women’s Day.
The reasons for the fire were the inadequate electrical installations that together with the presence of fabric scattered around the site and the factory floor found perfect conditions for the fire.
It was common during this period for factory owners to lock their doors as a way to contain strikes and demonstrations. According to the story, the doors of the Triangle factory were locked when the fire broke out, so that’s why the high number of victims.
CONSEQUENCES OF THE OCCURRED
Despite the tragedy, it was observed that the working conditions were terrible and the struggle and political engagement of women in the search for better working conditions and wages were recognized. From this struggle, the need arises to recognize International Women’s Day, due to the strength they represent. Remember Clara Zetkin?
THAT IS WHY
In fact, the 1911 fire was suggested as a women’s day. Several movements seeking to grant labor and electoral rights to women took place in the USA and Europe, in the 19th century.
The year 1917 was marked in Russia, by a revolutionary cycle, which even ended the tsarist monarchy. In this scenario on March 8th, 1917, women who worked in the weaving sector went on strike. They sought support in the plant’s metallurgical sector.
The date was marked as a great achievement by women workers, again in history.
FINALLY DATE CHOICE
Soon after World War II, March 8th became the main date in honor of women, as a consequence of the revolution that took place in Russia. The month of March was also associated with the fire in New York.
International Women’s Day was made official by the United Nations as a commemorative date only in 1975. In fact, 1975 was declared the International Year of Women, against gender inequalities and discrimination around the world.
THE IMPORTANCE OF ACTIONS FOR WOMEN
We know that even today there are countless cases of violence against women. These are episodes of domestic violence, abuse, harassment, inequality in the labor market and gender prejudice, in Brazil and worldwide!
The struggle of women also seeks to have an active voice and to be able to decide what to do with their own bodies, the right to come and go. For this reason, March 8th is a day of reflection. The other days of the year, on the other hand, are days of struggle for their rights.
SOME IMPORTANT WOMEN FOR BRAZILIAN HISTORY
Many women were important to the history of Brazil. They took our culture around the world and important decisions were made, thanks to them. Meet some.
1- One of the most important facts in the history of our country, was the Independence of Brazil, right? But who signed the decree of separation between Brazil and Portugal? It was Maria Leopoldina, who was as Princess Regent of Brazil, in the absence of Dom Pedro. Interesting, isn’t it?
2- Another important woman in history was Princess Isabel, daughter of Dom Pedro II. After the death of her brothers, she would become the heir to the Brazilian throne. Dom Pedro II used to travel and left her as the Princess Regent of the country. On her father’s last trip, she signed the Golden Law, which abolished slavery in Brazil in 1888.
Want to know more about the history of Brazil? Join our Walking Tour Centro and Lapa. Have fun and learn more details about the country, visiting the main points where the story happened.
3- Chiquinha Gonzaga, was a composer, pianist and conductor. She was born in Rio de Janeiro, a self-taught pianist, debuted the operetta “A Corte na Roça” and drew the attention of producers at the time. She became the first Brazilian conductor.
She was engaged in abolitionist causes and in favor of women’s rights. A precursor of famous carnival marchinhas, he left more than 2 thousand compositions. As a tribute, the day of his birth, October 17, was declared the National Day of Brazilian Popular Music.
4- The painter and draftsman Tarsila do Amaral, is also part of this list. Important in the composition of the great names of Brazilian modernist artists. It was Tarsila who painted the most expensive work by a Brazilian artist: Abaporu.
5- And Carmen Miranda? The most Brazilian Portuguese in the world! She and her sister Aurora, played marchinhas and samba on the radio. She soon caught the attention of the music scene and became a successful popular singer. It had very striking characteristics that made it a great icon of music and spread Brazilian culture around the world.
These are just some of the many women who have accomplished great things and marked the era and who should be proudly remembered for their achievements.
IT IS WORTH MENTIONING
Women have conquered an important role in Brazilian sciences, arts and music. In addition, the carnival is marked by blocos created by women. They participate in the organization, the band, the artistic body and several other spaces. Read more about blocos Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro.
IN RIO DE JANEIRO
In honor of International Women’s Day, two of the main tourist spots in the city did something special.
Christ the Redeemer was lit in purple in celebration of the month dedicated to women’s struggles and conquests.
The cable car from Sugarloaf Mountain offered the “Commemorative Women” promotion. This promotion consisted of the sale of tickets at a price of R$10 for female persons. Thus, they could visit the attraction and celebrate the date in honor of the women.
In some other states in the country, March 8 was marked by marches, demonstrations and movements in favor of women’s rights. Some events follow throughout the month.