Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro – All the Details
Could you tell us which is the most famous spot in the city of Rio de Janeiro? Yes, it is Christ the Redeemer, at the top of Corcovado Hill. This is the most famous Brazilian monument in the world! Be sure to know all the history and details about Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro. Read our text.
CHRIST THE REDEEMER IN RIO DE JANEIRO
The statue of Christ the Redeemer is located in the Tijuca National Park, an area of environmental preservation in the city. The monument is 710 meters above sea level and the view from the top of the hill is impressive. It’s necessary to climb 220 steps to reach the feet of Christ.
Know more about the Tijuca National Park!
Christ the Redeemer was elected one of the Seven Wonders of the World in 2007 by the New 7 Wonders Foundation.
A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY
Before explaining the construction of the statue of Christ, it is worth talk a little about the railroad of Corcovado Hill.
RAILROAD TO CORCOVADO HILL
This road was the first railway in Brazil! The road was inaugurated in 1884, by Dom Pedro II, then Emperor of Brazil, at the time. In other words, the road is older than the Christ monument itself.
Want to know more about the history of the Portuguese court in Brazil? Join the Walking Tour Downtown and Lapa!
In the construction of the monument, the road had a fundamental role in the transportation of Christ’s pieces for four consecutive years. At that time the steam train was considered an impressive technology since it covered about 3,800 meters of the railroad on a steep climb.
– In 1910 steam trains were replaced by electric trains.
– In 1979 they were replaced by Swiss, modern and safer models.
– The path taken by the Corcovado Hill Railway is the oldest tourist tour in the country.
– This path has already been taken by presidents of the republic, popes, personalities of monarchies from around the world, among kings and princes, as well as scientists and artists.
– The train ride is an ecological ride and because it’s electric it does not pollute the environment. The amounts collected at the Corcovado Train ticket office are destined to the Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio).
Now that we know a little about the Corcovado Train, let’s get to know the details of Christ the Redeemer.
CHRIST THE REDEEMER HISTORY
The story begins in 1859 when the French Father Pierre-Marie Boss (from the Church of Colégio Immaculada Conceição), had the idea of building a religious monument in the Top of Corcovado Hill. This idea is recorded in the book “Imitation of Christ”, from 1903.
In 1921 a competition was opened between projects for the construction of the monument. The winner was Heitor da Silva Costa. In 1922, the centennial year of Independence from Brazil, the project started.
About 22 thousand women signed a petition requesting authorization from the Presidency of the Republic to build the monument. The objective was to build Christ with donations from Brazilians.
In 1923, the Archdiocese of Rio de Janeiro launched a fundraising campaign for the work. 2,500 ‘contos de réis’ were collected for the work, which would be equivalent to about 9 million reais.
DETAILS OF THE MONUMENT
The winner of the Christ The Reedemer project was the designer Heitor da Silva Costa. The project included the painter Carlos Oswald and the sculptor Maximiliam Paul Landowsky (responsible for sculpting the head and hands of Christ).
ABOUT THE STATUE
– The image of Christ the Redeemer was made with open arms, forming a cross.
– This statue is 38 meters high, 30 meters of monument and 8 of the pedestal.
– The arms of Christ have an area of 88 meters. Christ’s feet measure 1.35 meters.
– The head of the monument weighs 30 tons.
The monument had most of its construction made in Brazil, however, the head and hands were modeled in Paris, France. Soapstone was used for the body of Christ, cut in triangles.
The pieces of stone were glued on fabric and then “pastillheiros” were applied to the thousands of parts on the statue.
The statue of Christ the Redeemer was inaugurated on October 12, 1931, with the presence of thousands of pilgrims from all parts. Christ completed 89 years of existence and continues to enchant visitors from all over the world.
– Did you know that Christ the Redeemer has a heart inside? Yes. It was the only part designed for the interior of the monument. The heart measures 1.30 meters.
– Another detail is that Christ is designed to hold on to winds up to 250km/h.
– In the year 2000 the statue received a new illumination, and received new systems of revitalization.
– In 2002, panoramic elevators and escalators were opened.
HOW TO VISIT CHRIST THE REDEEMER?
There are some ways to get to Christ the Redeemer. In our text: HOW TO GET TO CHRIST THE REDEEMER, we explain the different ways to visit the attraction and we still have tips on how to save!