PICO DA TIJUCA – SEE RIO DE JANEIRO AT 360º
If you like extreme sports, hiking and rock climbing, we have a post dedicated to you! This post has the purpose to present the most important information about Pico da Tijuca. One of the best viewpoints in the whole city. Read more.
PICO DA TIJUCA
Pico da Tijuca is located in Tijuca Forest and it’s a part of Tijuca State Park – Parque Nacional da Tijuca. This is the highest point of the park, with 1022 meters high, and the second highest point of the city of Rio de Janeiro, the first one being Pico da Pedra Branca – Pedra Branca Peak, with 1024 meters high. WOW! From the top of the peak it’s possible to have a 360º view of the city.
Read also our post about Tijuca Forest!
A LITTLE BIT ABOUT HISTORY…
HISTORY OF PICO DA TIJUCA TRAIL
It is believed that the first person to open a trail to Pico da Tijuca was a German biologist Hermann Burmeister in 1853. He was doing research on fauna and flora in our Atlantic Forest.
Only in 1885 that the then forest administrator Baron D ‘Escragnolle decided to signal this trail to assist the next climbers.
HISTORY OF THE STAIRS
There are some controversial stories regarding the construction of the staircase that leads to the end point of the peak of Pico da Tijuca. The most accepted version is that it was made by the President of the Republic Epitácio Pessoa.
The president was looking forward to make easy the rise of a distinguished guest. The important visit would be King Albert I of Belgium, who came to visit the site in 1920, as an invitation of the president.
WHAT THE KING THOUGHT ABOUT THAT?
But there’s a detail in this story, despite the tribute, the king was an experienced climber, and thought it was absurd to make the staircase in the stone. He preferred to climb the rock and go down throw the coast, which is a trail with a high level of difficulty.
So at that time, the staircase was not much use. After reaching the top of Pico da Tijuca , he stayed observing the landscape there and got marveled with the beauty of our Brazil. The king further stated that our nature is the most beautiful and exciting in the world!
Pico da Tijuca is a reference in climbing activities, since the peak allows a wide view of the entire city. From the top of the peak you can see Pedra da Gávea, Guanabara Bay, Maracanã, the South and West Zone of Rio, and the city of Niterói.
Working Hours: Everyday from 8 am to 5 pm.
To do the trail it’s only possible to access the park until 2pm, so you can go back before 5 pm (the time the park closes).
The trail has a duration of approximately 01h30. And it’s an option recommended for beginners, because it is well laid out and with lighter slope, so it does not present a high level of difficulty.
To reach the summit of the peak, after passing many trees and forks along the way, it is necessary to climb 117 steps, almost at the end of the trail. The steps were dug into the rock itself and have handrails on both sides. Do not panic! HAHA
BEST TIME TO DO THE TRAIL
The trail to Pico da Tijuca can be done throughout the year, but with some caveats.
1This activity is not recommended in the summer. In this period the temperature in the city easily reaches 40 degrees, even being in a zone with vegetation;
2 Be aware of weather conditions. Especially after summer storms, the rocks tend to be much slippery, which can make the journey difficult.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THIS ACTIVITY
1 It’s recommended to wear comfortable clothes, hat or cap and closed shoes (with non-slip soles);
2 Apply repellents and sunscreens;
3 Try to eat light and hydration should be constant (drink plenty of water).
4 It’s recommended to do this activity with an experienced guide if you are a beginner. Look for accredited guides in the activity.
Hiking activities in the nature can present some risks. The main risks are: falling and biting animals. In addition, it is recommended to perform this activity with the presence of a guide.
Follow the guide’s instructions and recommendations, stay close to your group and obey the signs and avoid getting lost in the wild.
PICO DA TIJUCA AND THEIR LANDSCAPES
From the top of Pico da Tijuca as we said above you can see a big part of the city, in 360º. See more details.
At the top of the peak looking further north we can see the entire North Zone of the city. Where are located the suburb of the city, Baixada Fluminense. Deep down on a good sunny day, you can see the mountains that are part of the Serra dos Órgãos.
If we look to the northeast side of the peak we can see Downtown of the City of Rio de Janeiro and Guanabara Bay. In the background we can also see the Rio-Niterói Bridge.
To the south side of the peak we can see Pedra Bonita and Pedra da Gávea, Barra da Tijuca and Two Brothers Hill.
Looking at the eastern part of the peak we can see the final part of the Southern Zone of the city. In addition, we see the wonderful Sugar Loaf and Elephant Rock in Niteroi. Further down we will see in the city of Maricá, the Itaipuaçu Beach.
We can see from this side Baixada de Jacarepaguá and Pedra Branca Massif.
After so many wonderful views like these, looking below Pico da Tijuca Peak, you will find a huge area with shades of green, as well as summits of some other mountains and hills that are part of the park.
HOW TO GET TO THE PARK AND GO TO PICO DA TIJUCA
We’ll put here some suggestions of how you can get to Tijuca National Park to visit Pico da Tijuca.
If you want to use public transportation to go to the entrance of the park, see some bus options:
1 Because the peak is located in the Forest sector of the park, you need to get to Afonso Viseu Square, at Alto da Boa Vista;
2 BUS OPTIONS
301 (Rodoviária x Alvorada)
302 (Rodoviária x Recreio)
These lines may be used by those coming from West Zone (Barra da Tijuca and Recreio) or North Zone (Maracanã and Tijuca).
1 If you will use a private car to get there, you should park at the Visitors center;
2 Look for the entrance of Forest Sector of the park in Afonso Viseu Square at Alto da Boa Vista;
3 Estrada das Furnas is the way to get to the square if you are coming from Barra da TIjuca or Itanhangá.
4 Avenida Edson Passos is the best way if coming from Tijuca.
TIjuca National Park still offers many others peaks for you to visit. In total, the so-called Circuito dos Picos (Peaks Circuit) has a length of 19 kilometers.
In Circuitos dos Picos, besides Pico da Tijuca you can visit the ten biggest peaks in the Forest Sector of the Park.
The peaks that can be accessed are: Taquara Hill, Anhanguera Hill, Bico do Papagaio (Parrot’s beak), Tijuca Mirim and many others. In this path, you can also enjoy other natural attractions, such as viewpoints and waterfalls.
Don’t forget your camera and a lot of energy to enjoy this amazing place!